When a cancer is diagnosed it becomes a frightening fact, but all the treatments and care necessary to eradicate the tumor must be followed, many times that cancer advances and begins to spread in other organs of the body, which is called metastasis.
In most women, breast cancer is diagnosed in time, thanks to self-examination or mammograms, unfortunately sometimes that cancer is very advanced and more effective treatments must be used.
Metastasis is the spread of a cancerous focus to an organ other than its origin , usually occurs through the blood or lymphatic. Approximately 98% of deaths due to undetected cancers are due to metastatization.
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Metastatic breast cancer is the name given to advanced breast cancer. Cancer cells can travel or travel through your lymphatic system and your blood vessels, spreading almost throughout your body, attacking vital functions and compromising your overall health.
This metastatic cancer can spread to any other organ, the most common sites for metastasis are: bones, lungs, and liver.
Metastasis in the bones
This type of metastasis represents 25% of all types of metastatic breast cancer. There are two main types of bone cancer:
Osteolytic: This type of cancer is eating the bone structure and forming holes in the bones, leaving them prone to breakage and fractures.
Osteoblastic: Increases bone density, but also makes them prone to fractures. Both types of bone cancer cause pain.
Metastasis in the lungs
Lung metastasis accounts for between 60% and 70% of all deaths associated with metastatic breast cancer. This type of metastasis, therefore usually has no symptoms.
Metastasis in the liver
Liver metastasis develops in two-thirds of metastatic breast cancer, when cancer cells begin to multiply within the tissues of your liver. It is often associated with truly intense and painful symptoms.
This metastatic cancer can also spread to organs such as the eyes, brain, ovaries, and bone marrow.
Symptoms of breast cancer metastasis
The symptoms of metastatic breast cancer usually develop to very advanced stages and depend on the areas in which the cancer has spread, usually include:
- Regional pain.
- Gastrointestinal problems.
- Fracture and bone pain.
- Fever and colds.
Diagnosis of metastatic cancer
If lumps are removed from breast surgery that are usually found in the armpits and these cells show positive cancer results, the person should undergo these procedures:
- Examination and bone scanning.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).
- (Computed axial tomography)
- Treatment of metastatic cancer
There are 2 types of treatments:
Integrals: through female hormones and chemotherapy.
Locals: with surgery, where tumors can be removed and through radiation to stop the growth of small sections of cancer.
There are always medical alternatives to overcome and alleviate metastatic cancer, the important thing is the attitude and the positive vision that you undertake in front of this type of problems , also remembers the importance of preventing from the beginning a possible breast cancer , doing you regularly the self-examination when Start your menstrual period and mammograms after 40 years. Do it for yourself, do it for your family!