One of inflammatory diseases of the kidney is pyelonephritis, which affects all the kidney tissue from the pelvis and down to its parenchyma. During disease inflamed kidney tissue breaks down and is replaced by a connection. Because of this impaired renal work: the ability to excretion of fluid, filter the blood, and so forth.
Pyelonephritis can occur due to various infectious diseases that impede the flow of urine, tumor adjacent tissues and organs, kidney stones. Pathogens may be E. coli, Proteus, cocci, which penetrate through the blood to the kidneys or through the urinary tract. According disease most often affects women, because of their anatomy makes it easier penetration and infection climbing.
Symptoms of pyelonephritis
This disease, as well as other inflammatory diseases are acute and chronic. As a rule, the first form of pyelonephritis precedes and gives a second development. Often, chronic pyelonephritis is a consequence of not dolechennogo, acute urethritis, cystitis and other infectious lesions.
The acute form of the disease is manifested by pain, malaise, fever. Symptoms may have a different intensity. In chronic course of illness appear aching, nagging, dull pain from the affected kidney or on both sides, if the disease has a two-sided form. Sometimes fever may occur, the temperature increases, then all is lost, just as it started. In chronic course may develop hypertension. During the analysis of urine in the diagnosis the physician can find the bacteria, protein, leukocytes, blood stains. Also, blood can be determined by leukocytosis, changes leukocyte formula, erythrocyte sedimentation acceleration. During the passage of ultrasound the doctor observes an increase in kidney tissue disorders.
Treatment of pyelonephritis
Chronic pyelonephritis be treated comprehensively. First conducted antibiotic therapy, which destroy bacteria – pathogens. Then spend symptomatic therapy to treat acute pain, inflammation and toxicity. Apply different physiotherapy techniques. If necessary, a surgical procedure to restore the flow of urine. The third stage of the treatment consists in maintaining immunity.
If the patient has an exacerbation, the patient is hospitalized. Chronic pyelonephritis requires persistent and long-term therapy. During remission, absence of symptoms and relief, it is necessary to carry out constant laboratory monitoring of blood and urine. During the illness and the treatment of the patient is obliged to stick to a diet and give up salty, spicy, smoked, fatty foods and gifts. It is also necessary to use more liquid. During treatment your doctor may prescribe additional therapy folk remedies using decoctions and infusions of herbs.