Rotavirus or rather rotavirus infection is best known to us as “intestinal flu “. But not all dyspeptic symptoms who have an infectious nature, it is necessary to attribute rotavirus – they can be called as viruses and bacteria did, and even chemicals. Only laboratory diagnostics is able to identify the exact cause of intestinal disorders.
Infection and gastrointestinal flu prevention
This type of infection can be safely described as the – “disease of dirty hands”. Rotavirus is transmitted primarily by the fecal-oral route. That is, the patient along with the feces excrete the virus and not respecting the elementary rules of hygiene , the infection can be transferred to the hands, thus spreading it around.
The incubation period of the disease on the day and up to five days. During this period, the viruses in the mucous membrane of the small intestine proliferate, destroying its cells. After the acute phase begins.
The most important is to strengthen the prevention of rotavirus immunity. It is necessary to maintain the health of the digestive system, which itself will resist infections. You can get vaccinated .
Symptoms of rotavirus infection
Typically, the disease begins acutely: diarrhea, vomiting, fever. There SARS symptoms : red throat, runny nose, worsening overall health and loss of appetite.
During rotavirus urine and stool can confirm the presence of the disease. This is because they have symptoms that are characteristic of hepatitis: dark urine, sometimes mixed with blood or whitish flakes, light stool.
The acute period can last for several days, and duration of illness only determines the correct treatment. Then dyspepsia subsides. If the infection is not treated, it will lead to secondary lesions of the digestive system and other organs. Especially traumatic effect dehydration and intoxication, undermining general health.
It was in the most dangerous childhood disease.
After all, the body of an adult is more resistant to this virus and the disease can be expressed only in a small disorder, even though there are asymptomatic carriers.
Children’s body to the disease is more susceptible because the virus damages the body stronger poisoning it, the liquid is lost from diarrhea and vomiting.
Of course, at the first signs it is necessary to call a doctor, he will paint scheme of therapy and prescribe drugs. In general, the treatment includes the following:
- Appointed fractional drinking and rehydration solutions to restore the water-salt balance;
- Appointed by adsorbents such as activated carbon , Smecta, Enterosgel and others for removing toxins;
- Prescribed diet, cook porridge on the water, plenty of fluids, eliminated fat, milk, dairy, foods irritate the intestines.
Sometimes a doctor prescribes antibiotics, such as Enterofuril. This is done to prevent a reproduction outside the flora in the gut. But at the same time they must be applied and probiotics: enzymatic means Lineks and so on.